|1.過去簡單式描述某個情況或活動開始於過去，結束於過去的某個時間點 (例如: yesterday, last night, three days ago)||
I drank a cup of tea last night.
Tom lived in Taiwan for ten years when he was a child..
|2. 過去簡單式常用於故事描述中||One day the emperor decided that he did not want to stay in the palace…
Be動詞在現在簡單式的句子中的is, am, are 在過去簡單式中
is/ am 會變成 was
I am here.
We are here.
I was here yesterday.
We were here yesterday.
|第二人稱||You are here.||You were here yesterday.|
He is here.
She is here.
It is here.
He was here yesterday.
She was here yesterday.
It was here yesterday.
|第三人稱複數||They are here.||They were here yesterday.|
I, She, He, It
We, You, They
was not (wasn’t) here yesterday.
were not (weren’t) here yesterday.
|WasI, she, he, it here yesterday?|
|Were we, you, they here yesterday?|
EX: I am happy today. -> I was happy yesterday.
1.We are at home today.
2.The weather is warm today.
3.Peter is at the library today.
4.Tony and John are in their yard today.
1. We were at home yesterday.
2. The weather was warm yesterday.
3. Peter was at the library yesterday.
4. Tony and John were in their yard yesterday.
1. John was happy yesterday.
2. They were in class yesterday.
3. I was busy yesterday.
4. The weather was hot yesterday.
5.Mary was in the hospital last week.
1. John was not happy yesterday. (John wasn’t happy yesterday. )
Was John happy yesterday?
2. They were not in class yesterday. (They weren’t in class yesterday.)
Were they in class yesterday?
3. I wasn't busy yesterday. (I wasn't busy yesterday.)
Was I busy yesterday?
4. The weather was not hot yesterday. (The weather wasn’t hot yesterday.)
Was the weather hot yesterday?
5.Mary was not in the hospital last week. (Mary wasn’t in the hospital last week.)
Was Mary in the hospital last week?
現在簡單式 I work every day.I eat an apple every day.
過去簡單式 I worked yesterday. I ate an apple yesterday.
prefer-> perferredadmit-> admitted
一母音加一子音結尾的字，雙音節但重音在後面- > 重複字尾加ed
1. wait 2. plan 3. hope 4. try 5. play 6. die
1. waited 2. planned 3. hoped 4. tried 5. played 6. died
yesterday morning 昨天早上
yesterday afternoon 昨天下午
yesterday evening 昨天傍晚
last night 昨天晚上
last year 去年
last month 上個月
last week 上周
last spring 去年春天
five minutes ago五分鐘前
two days ago兩天前
yesterday 跟morning, afternoon, evening 連用，但昨天晚上要說last night 年、月、季節、星期都是跟last連用。
如果是有加數字的，例如: 5分鐘前，則用five minutes +ago來表示
1.上周五 2. 上周末 3.去年夏天 4.昨天傍晚 5. 三天前 6. 上個月
1. last Friday 2. last weekend 3. last summer
4. yesterday evening 5. three days ago 6.last month
3.過去簡單式一般動詞否定句，需要加入助動詞did not(縮寫didn’t)，該句的一般動詞必須還原為原型動詞。does和do 在過去式中都變成did
ate apples yesterday.
|did not eat apples yesterday.|
|縮寫: I didn’t eat apples yesterday.|
ate apples yesterday.
|eat apples yesterday?|
1. She stayed home yesterday.
2. He did his homework last night.
3. I drank a cup of tea yesterday.
4. They watched TV last night.
5.Mary came to class last Monday.
1. She did not stay home yesterday. (She didn’t stay home yesterday.)
Did she stay home yesterday?
2. He did not do his homework last night. (He didn’t do his homework last night.)
Did he do his homework last night?
3. I did not drink a cup of tea yesterday. (I didn’t drink a cup of tea yesterday.)
Did you drink a cup of tea yesterday?
4. They did not watch TV last night. (They didn’t watch TV last night.)
Did they watch TV last night?
5. Mary did not come to class last Monday. (Mary didn’t come to class last Monday.)
Did Mary come to class last Monday?
|Where were you last night?||At home.|
|When were you sick?||Last week.|
|What did you do yesterday?||I did my homework yesterday.|
|Where did you go yesterday?||I went to Taipei yesterday.|
|What time/When did you get up this morning?||I got up at 8 this morning.|
|Why did you run?||Because I was late for class.|
1. A: _____________________________________
B: Yes, he was at home last night.
2. A: ______________________________________
B: Taipei. I went to Taipei last month.
3. A: ______________________________________
B: At the train station. Ben and Jack were at the train station at noon.
4. A: _____________________________________
B: Yes, I did. I went to England for my vacation.
5. A: ___________________________________
B: At 6:00. He ate breakfast at 6:00.
6. A: _________________________________
B: Because I was tired. I didn’t go swimming because I was tired.
1. Was he at home last night?
2. Where did you go last month?
3. Where were Ben and Jack at noon?
4. Did you go to England for your vacation?
5.What time did he eat breakfast?
6. Why didn’t you go swimming?
過去簡單式描述某個情況或活動開始於過去，結束於過去的某個時間點，例如: Jan was not happy yesterday. Jan昨天不開心。I went to Taipie yesterday. 我昨天去台北。
過去簡單式公式可分為Be 動詞與一般動詞兩類句型，過去簡單式中is, am會變成was; are變成were. 例如: I was here yesterday. He was here yesterday.You were a student four years ago. ；否定句中在be動詞後加not，例如: I was not here yesterday.
一般動詞(像eat, like, go等字)在過去簡單式可分為規則動詞及不規則動詞，規則動詞加ed，不規則動詞則要用背的，例如: I walked to school yesterday. 我昨天走路去學校，walk加ed; He drank some milk yesterday. 他昨天喝了一些牛奶, 動詞drink改成過去式型態drank；否定句不管主詞的人稱為何都會用到助動詞didn’t, 例如: I didn’t walk to school yesterday. He didn’t drink any milk yesterday. 注意否定句中，助動詞後面的動詞要還原成原型。
yesterday morning 昨天早上, yesterday afternoon 昨天下午, yesterday eveningy昨天傍晚，但昨天晚上要說last night；年、月、季節、星期都是跟last連用，例如：last year, last month, last spring, last week, last Monday; 如果是有加數字的，則會與ago連用，例如: five minutes ago 5分鐘前。
Azar, Betty Schrampfer.Basic English Grammar.4th ed. New York: Pearson Education, 2014.